Energy transition ~ take ocasion

The energy concept which will be presented this autumn by the Federal Government will give answers to the question of how our future energy supply will be shaped and structured. To achieve the climate protection targets of the Federal Government the potentials of all regenerative forms of energy - wind, sun, bioenergy and geothermal energy - must be tapped according to the state of the art in the respective technologies.

Today renewables provide about 10.1 percent of primary energy and 16.1 percent of electricity consumed. Since the potential of hydropower in Germany has largely been exploited, wind energy currently offers the moss extensive opportunities for expansion. Technological development in this field is highly advanced, and there is solid experience from using the technology.

Wind turbines use the wind?s kinetic energy, which is created through differences in atmospheric pressure near the Earth?s surface. In Germany wind turbines are exclusively used for the production of electricity which is fed into the grid. Modern wind turbines operate on the principle of lift rather than the principle of drag. They do not offer any resistance to the wind, but the wind creates a lift when it flows past the blades of a turbine, causing the blades to rotate.

948 million tonnes of CO2 were emitted in Germany in 1990, as opposed to 774 million tonnes in 2009. In 2009 wind energy deployment in Germany already saved about 30 million tonnes of CO2. The share of wind power in electricity generation is to increase to 25 percent by 2025, based on today?s electricity consumption. This step alone would reduce our carbon dioxide emissions by 20 percent and is thus impressive proof of the importance of wind energy for climate protection.

The aim according to the Strategy of the German Government on the use of off-shore wind energy is to feed an installed capacity of 20,000 to 25,000 MW into the grid in the long term, i.e. by 2025 to 2030 when the technology becomes economically viable.

Wind energy also benefits the national economy, by:

  • strengthening rural areas,
  • reducing imports of raw materials,
  • avoiding external costs,
  • directly and indirectly creating jobs.

Further positive impetus comes from the leasing of land which can still be used for agricultural purposes. The tax law introduced on 1 January 2009 provides the legal basis according to which the lion's share of the trade tax income from wind energy generation (70 percent) will go to the local authority in which the wind park is located even if the official seat of the operator is located in another municipality. The so-called citizens? wind parks in particular strengthen the economy in rural areas.

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